Amazingly colourful and natural beauty Bermuda Island, boost of some spectacular historic attractions you must see in you next vacation with loved ones.
About Bermuda Bermuda known as ‘the wreck dive capital of the world’ is a subtropical island that combines natural and cultural attractions with clean, safe beaches and tropical plant life. Bermuda is a self-governing British overseas territory in the western North Atlantic Ocean. It is an archipelago of 7 main islands and about 170 additional (named) islets and rocks, situated about 650 miles (1,050 km) east of Cape Hatteras (North Carolina, U.S.). It is neither geologically nor spatially associated with the West Indies, which lie more than 800 miles (1,300 km) to the south and southwest. Despite its jewel-box size, clocking in at 21-square miles in length and a mile in width at its widest point, It is amazingly colourful and a natural beauty island with three regions namely: West End, Central Bermuda and East End. The main islands are clustered together in the shape of a fishhook and are connected by bridges. The largest island is Main Island, 14 miles (22.5 km) long and 1 mile wide. The Peak, at 259 feet (79 metres) on Main Island, is the highest point. All of Bermuda’s larger islands are inhabited, and Main Island has the largest concentration of people. Bermuda has one of the world’s highest population densities.
Hamilton, Bermuda’s capital, offers museums and galleries that include the Bermuda Historical Society Museum and the Bermuda National Gallery. The island is famous for its pink sand beaches, which get their colour from one of the sand’s main components, pulverized coral and shells. The pink-toned beaches of Bermuda are open for swimming with water sports, boat tours, diving and fishing also available throughout the island. The climate is mild, humid, and equable. August is the warmest month, with an average daytime high of 86 °F (30 °C), and February is the coldest month, with an average night-time low of 57 °F (14 °C). The vegetation is subtropical and includes flowering shrubs such as bougainvillea, Easter lilies, oleander, hibiscus, and poinsettia. Palm, pine, casuarina, and mangrove trees are found on most of the islands. A number of migratory birds visit the islands annually; other wildlife is limited to lizards and frogs. English is the official language, but some Portuguese is also spoken. Christianity predominates, and about one-sixth of the population is Anglican. Bermuda’s rate of population growth is low by world standards, comparable to that of the United States. Less than one-fifth of the population is younger than 15 years. Bermuda enjoys a high standard of health, as reflected in the average life expectancy of about 73 years for men and 79 years for women and in the relatively low infant-mortality rate Education is compulsory and free between the ages of 5 and 16 hence high literacy rate. Tourism is the economic mainstay. Transportation is by bus, ferry, scooter or electric mini car, private cars and taxis, railways, roadways, Ports, Airports and harbours, or Merchant marine As you step onto the shores of Bermuda, a sense of cheerfulness comes over you as you embrace the view of the stunning caves, pastel pink and yellow-coloured houses with white roofs, calm turquoise waters and gorgeous pink-sand beaches to quaint towns, pleasant weather and historical museums dedicated to its seafaring history, this British territory makes for a memorable island vacation. Here are loads of active ways to enjoy the picturesque beauty of the island.
- ST PETER’S CHURCH
Built in 1612 by Bermuda’s first settlers, St. Peter’s Church is a cultural and historic icon. It is the oldest Anglican church in continuous use in the Western Hemisphere outside of the British Isles through the centuries. After 400 years, St Peter’s is in a good state of repair and remain an integral part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the Town of St George. The hand-carved altar, composed of red cedar, is one of the oldest pieces of woodwork on Bermuda. Inside, visitors can find an 18th-century throne salvaged from a shipwreck and communion silver from the 1600s. The church has two historic cemeteries, segregated for white and black Bermudians dating back more than 300 years. The western extension of the church is now a stop on the African Diaspora Heritage Trail, which retraces the rich heritage and culture of Bermudians of African ancestry. 2 St. George
St. George’s is a town on St. George’s Island, in Bermuda. It is dubbed a ‘haven for British colonial architecture, history and culture’ Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, St. George represents the site of the first settlers who arrived beginning from 1612. It is home to notable landmarks namely: St. Peter’s Church, Bermuda National Museum Trust, St. George Historical Society Museum, Bermudian Heritage Museum, Tucker House Museum and the 18th-century town hall. St. George most popular highlight is Tobacco Bay Beach. Named for the wild tobacco that was found when the early settlers arrived, Tobacco beach no longer has any nicotine plants growing, but provides a quintessential Bermuda beach experience. It’s best known for its limestone rock formations and shallow clear waters, ideal for snorkelling and swimming. 3 Royal Naval Dockyard
For more than 150 years, this heavily fortified base was one of the pillars of British military presence in the region, playing integral part in the War of 1812 and World War II respectively. Built in the early 1800s, this dockyard is now the largest museum in Bermuda and features exhibits on the island’s maritime history. Located at the top of the western end of Sandy’s Parish, it is home to the major cruise ship-port, the well-curated National Bermuda Museum, the Dockyard Glassworks and the Bermuda Rum Cake Company as well as the Museum Playground, Playhouse and Dolphin Quest, an educational program for kids. Today, it has been transformed and contains an array of experiences, including shopping, dining, craft studios, and entertainment. With the Dockyard Segway Tour, be sure to glide from attraction to attraction, enjoying unparalleled ocean views and historical sites. The Royal Naval Dockyard is the perfect place to experience the Bermuda’s rich maritime legacy – and much more. 4 The Bermuda Aquarium, Museum, and Zoo
Established in 1926 by the Bermuda government, The Bermuda Aquarium, Museum and Zoo (BAMZ) is a facility located in Flatts Village, Bermuda; to enhance a growing tourism industry as well as inspire appreciation and care of island environments. This facility focuses on showing oceanic island species and in conservation, education, and research related to these species, and contains an aquarium, a natural history museum, and a zoo. The Aquarium is just inside the main entrance building, and contains over 200 species of fish and invertebrates in many naturalistic displays. The largest display is the 140,000-gallon fish tank North Rock Exhibit, which is a living replica of North Rock. The real North Rock is part of the Rim Reef system, the northernmost chain of coral reefs in the world. It arranges whale-watching cruises aboard the RV Endurance in the spring to witness migrating humpback whales. The Natural History Museum traces the geological formation and ecological development of the island, highlighting the island’s role in the migration of many species of birds and marine animals. Also, it has outdoor turtle and seal exhibits, which give visitors a chance to witness feedings many times a day. It features interactive kid-friendly activities, a playground, and sandbox. The zoo harbours 300 reptiles, birds, and mammals from islands around the world, which mirrors their natural habitat. 5 Spittal Pond Nature Reserve
Located in Smith’s Parish and managed by the Bermuda Department of Conservation Services, Spittal Pond Nature Reserve, is considered the largest wildlife sanctuary. It offers 64 acres of unspoiled beauty for bird and wildlife viewing hence dubbed ‘’a birdwatcher’s paradise’’ It protects and conserves environmentally critical areas and endangered habitats. The reserve is home to dozens of species of resident and migratory waterfowl which congregate near its freshwater ponds and surrounding marshlands. Also, it is known for the oceanside bluff that’s home to Portuguese Rock—a historic carving believed to have been left by shipwrecked sailors from Portugal. Wildlife to experience includes; the colourful Sally Lightfoot Crab, Bermuda skink (one of the rarest lizards in the world), and buckeye butterflies. Birders may spot several species of waterfowl; black and white warblers; American redstarts; northern water-thrush; and white-eyed vireos, a songbird known as the “Chick-of-the-Village.” The pond reserve, a wetland site, is one of the seven Ramsar Sites of its unique characteristics such as its lagoon which is permanently brackish, ecology featuring wet grassland and mangrove forests, seasonal shorebirds, other run waterbirds and European eels Spittal Pond Nature Reserve is Bermuda’s largest protected area, with well-marked trails winding through forested areas with stunning coastal views and thus can be a great escape for anyone seeking serenity. 6.Bermuda National Gallery
Located in the heart of Hamilton in the City Hall & Arts Centre, Bermuda National Gallery is home to the Earl Cameron Theatre, Bermuda’s main stage for prominent musical and theatrical productions. It also houses Bermuda’s national art collection and connects the island’s community through art, culture and dialogue hosting, engaging exhibitions, events and programmes for all ages. First opened in 1960, the structure is the seat of the municipal government. On the second floor, is the Watlington Collection with masterpieces from Gainsborough, Reynolds, and Murillo; the Bermuda Collection with paintings and decorative arts dating back to the 1600s; and the African Collection with masks, figurines, and sculpture. The gallery is open Tuesday through to Friday 10am – 3pm and Saturday 10am – 2pm.
- National Museum of Bermuda
Located at dockyard in Sandys, established in 1974 and opened officially in 1975, the National Museum of Bermuda, is known previously as the Bermuda Maritime Museum. It occupies several historic fortifications in the Royal Naval Dockyard, including the Commissioner’s House, Casemates Barracks and The Keep, Bermuda’s largest fort. Built to guard the entire naval base, the fort features seven bastions and ramparts. Visitors can learn about shipwrecks, battles, and more in eight historic exhibit buildings. Visitors can explore the extensive grounds of the Keep citadel, including the award-winning restored Commissioner’s House, the massive cannon, shipwreck artefacts, local watercraft, a stunning mural, of course the children’s playhouse and playground 8 Bermuda Underwater Exploration Institute
The Institute created by a private act of the Bermuda parliament in 1992 and launched in July 1997 is located on the outskirts of the city of Hamilton. This non-profit organization now called ‘Ocean Discovery Centre’ was founded “To advance the understanding, appreciation and knowledge of the ocean and to encourage the protection and preservation of the marine environment”. And also, to give people of all ages a unique experience especially kids. It offers many interactive exhibits tailored for the tiniest of underwater explorers (like the virtual shark cage, for example, which rattles every time a Great White bump into the glass), films in the auditorium and a harbour-front restaurant. BUEI has an enormous collection of gold doubloons, intact artifacts, and priceless treasures from the sea floor, in addition to one of the largest shell collections in the world. 9 Bermuda Triangle
For your spooky exploration visit one of the most mysterious places on Earth—the Bermuda Triangle. Also known as the Devil’s Triangle or Hurricane Alley, this area of the Atlantic Ocean has been credited for causing a mass disappearance and a number of wrecks over the years. It is subject to frequent tropical storms and hurricanes. This infamous place is a triangular area in the North Atlantic Ocean covering about 50,000 miles of open water, from Bermuda to Miami, Florida to San Juan, Puerto Rico. Charles Berlitz popularized the legend of the Bermuda Triangle in his best-selling book ‘The Bermuda Triangle ‘(1974) According to Encyclopaedia Britannica, there’s no telling how many ships or planes that have “disappeared” in the Bermuda Triangle, but some estimates guess around 50 ships and 20 aircraft have gone missing there The Bermuda Triangle is a cultural landmark for Bermuda and there are several charter boats you can take to its outskirts. The King’s Wharf, officially known as the Royal Naval Dockyard is actually the exact geographical location of the Bermuda Triangle’s northern tip. The Bermuda Triangle Twilight Cruise navigates visitors safely into the Bermuda Triangle. The captain and crew are knowledgeable and will educate you on the area’s many shipwrecks, plane-wrecks and disappearances. Also, K.S. water-sports Tour offers excursions around the island that takes you to the outskirts of the Bermuda Triangle. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, “There is no evidence that mysterious disappearances occur with any greater frequency in the Bermuda Triangle than in any other large, well-travelled area of the ocean,” and boaters and fliers continue to venture through the triangle without event. However, in the mist of the myths, the Bermuda Triangle continues to fascinate people around the world. 10 Bermuda Railway Trail
The Bermuda Railway Trail is an 18miles historic path that winds across beaches, dunes, and cliffs as part of the Bermuda Rail Trail National Park. Bermuda’s only train, known as ” Old Rattle and Shake,” operated from 1931 to 1948, left its tracks behind which ran from St. George’s Station in the east to Somerset Station in the west. This abandoned trail became a causeway for walkers, cyclists, hikers and bikers, and culminate into a national park in 1986. Visitors can start at either end, or hop on the trail at any point, taking breaks to stop by one of Bermuda’s beaches for a refreshing dip in the ocean, sunbathing, or fishing. Along the path, lies the beautiful Lover’s Lake Nature Reserve, located within Ferry Point Park at the eastern end of Bermuda in St. George’s Parish. Fragrant trees, plants and flowers line the pathway. 11 Art Mel’s Spicy Dicy
It would not be complete to visit Bermuda without sampling the local delicacies, and for most Bermudians, a fried fish sandwich—fish pon bun. Art Mel’s Spicy Dicy makes of one of the finest sandwiches on the island. 12 Swizzle Inn
Bermuda has two national drinks: the Dark n’ Stormy, made with Gosling’s Black Seal Rum and ginger beer, and the Rum Swizzle, a not-so-sweet punch originally invented at the Swizzle Inn when it opened in 1932. In those days, the Bailey’s Bay dive bar was a converted 17th-century roadhouse that served potent rum drinks and Bermuda fish chowder.
- Masterworks Museum of Bermuda Art
In March 2008, Masterworks opened the doors to Bermuda’s first ever purpose-built museum in the Botanical Gardens. A world class museum with art storage facilities, a classroom, a main gallery, a smaller gallery dedicated to local artists and a member’s lounge, café and gift shop. The Masterworks Museum of Bermuda Art showcases a collection of more than 1,500 pieces of Bermuda-inspired art dating from the 1700s to date. The museum has a permanent exhibit collection featuring works by Georgia O’Keeffe, Winslow Homer, Charles Demuth, Jack Bush, and Albert Gleizes Most of the Bermuda Collection has landscapes of the island and reflects the cultural and historical treasure of Bermuda.
Join in the Christmas camp event for a full week of fun Holiday arts and crafts projects from December 20th – 24th
Located in Bermuda’s Southampton Parish on the South Shore, Horseshoe Bay Beach is considered as one of the best beaches in the world. Horseshoe Bay Beach, is a crescent-shaped blush-pink-sand beach set against dramatic rock formations, and attracts lots of travellers The horseshoe-shaped beach is bordered by natural limestone cliffs and large reefs where snorkelers can explore the large variety of fish and sea life. Horseshoe Bay Beach is also a popular venue for local events throughout the year, like Beach-fest and parties as well the Bermuda Sand Castle Competition. Summer is the peak season, when the beach is crowded, and features; lifeguards patrolling the area, nearby beach clubs with shuttles transporting guests, kids building sandcastles, boogie boarding, and playing volleyball at the kiddy’s section, changing rooms and equipment rentals. Beach trails connect to adjacent beaches at Chaplins Bay, Stonehole Bay, Jobsons Cove, and Warwick Long Bay. 15 Gibb’s Hill Lighthouse
Erected by the Royal Engineers, the Gibb’s Hill Lighthouse is the taller of two lighthouses on Bermuda, and one of the first lighthouses in the world to be made of cast-iron- The oldest in the world. The lighthouse has 185 steps to the top in eight flights which is the tallest point on Bermuda. There’s no elevator but the panoramic view from the top is well worth the effort of the challenging climb. From the South Shore, the lighthouse offers views of the beaches, the City of Hamilton, and the Royal Naval Dockyard. In the spring, you can glimpse the sight of migrating humpback whales. Grab your lunch at The Dining Room located at the bottom, which serves standard fare like pizzas, sandwiches, pastas, and seafood. Sixty-thousand people ascended the lighthouse in 1985, and it continues to be a popular tourist attraction. 16 Crystal & Fantasy Caves
The Crystal Caves of Bermuda, an unearthly network of caves and subterranean lakes, was first unveiled in 1901 by two Bermudian boys who were trying to track down a lost cricket ball. What they eventually uncovered is now one of Bermuda’s true hidden treasures—a cavernous, watery world, complete with centuries-old stalactites and stalagmites. Guided tours navigate visitors inside these two Ice Age–era caves to descend about 120 feet below ground for an unprecedented experience.